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Prevalence of Speech and Language Disorders in Children

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Prevalence of Speech and Language Disorders in Children

Carla J. Johnson, Ph.D., Department of Speech-Language Pathology, University of Toronto

Published online 03-21-07 in the Canadian Language & Literacy Research Network in their Encyclopedia of Language and Literacy Development

To communicate effectively, children must master language, the conventional code used to convey thoughts and ideas, and speech, the complex and rapid motor movements that translate such ideas into spoken words. Both language and speech are essential for sharing feelings, ideas, and information with others. Most young children acquire these communication skills effortlessly, but some experience difficulties in learning to understand and use the language they hear around them. These children have speech or language disorders, which may put them at high risk for associated learning, social, and behavioural problems (Bishop & Leonard, 2000).

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Tags: SLP Language Article